He holds a bachelor’s degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Lucknow and has been certified as a renowned Cardiothoracic Surgeon by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery. He has trained and practised at New York University Medical Center at Manhattan USA from July 1, 1971 to June 30, 1975 and is an honorary fellow at the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. He has received many prestigious awards, including the Padma Bhushan Award, presented by the Government of India.